What is CBD

Nowadays, it is quite uncommon to come across anyone who has not yet heard a least a single thing about CBD. The substance has taken the health and wellness sector by storm. CBD is infused in numerous mainstream products such as edibles, vape oils, topicals, and so on.

It now features on the shelves of almost all retail outlets, dispensaries, and is found on online shopping sites as well. This has been largely due to the substances’ touted medicinal and therapeutic properties. But what is CBD? Despite all the hype, this is one of the questions that most people are trying to answer, and we intend to address it thoroughly in this article.

What is CBD?

CBD is shorthand for cannabidiol. It is one of the naturally occurring chemicals found in the cannabis Sativa, otherwise known as hemp or marijuana. CBD is the second most prominent compound in the hemp plant. It follows after delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, better known as THC. Unlike THC, cannabidiol is non-psychoactive.

This implies that it does not have the mind-altering effects that are associated with THC. According to medical research, the cannabinoid is a natural remedy against several treatment-resistant ailments. This is one of the reasons why it has risen to wide usage. It also carries therapeutic properties which enable it to induce a feeling of calmness and relaxation in users.

Where Does Cannabidiol Come From?

Cannabidiol is extracted from hemp, a plant that lies in the cannabis family. Two main methods are used to extract cannabidiol from the hemp plant namely solvent extraction and carbon dioxide. These two results in a potent extract of cannabidiol that can then be used in various products.

How Does CBD Work on the Body?

The mechanism of action of CBD on the body has been a subject of research focus over the past several years. Medical investigations have revealed that cannabidiol works on the body by interacting with the endocannabinoid system, sometimes known as ECS. The ECS is made up of endocannabinoids, enzymes, and receptors.

It serves a homeostatic function on the body’s physiological functions. According to medical studies, a change in the level of cannabinoids in the ECS is linked to various disorders and ailments. Therefore, these conditions can be treated or managed by restoring the much-needed balance of endocannabinoids in the system. CBD, a Phyto cannabinoid, is one method through which equilibrium can be restored in the endocannabinoid system.

For instance, medical investigations have suggested that several treatment-resistant conditions such as intestinal pain, fibromyalgia, and migraines are caused by the body’s failure to produce enough cannabinoids. Therefore, to address this issue, endocannabinoids such as cannabidiol have to be introduced into the system to restore balance.

Hemp Seed oil vs CBD oil

There is usually confusion concerning the differences between hemp seed oil and CBD oil. The two are different in that they are derived or extracted from different parts of the hemp plant. Hemp seed oil is extracted from hemp seeds while on the other hand, CBD oil is extracted from the trichomes of the leaves.

The other difference is also in their respective compositions. Hemp seed oil features trace to no cannabidiol content. It explains why most people use it as a cosmetic product or dietary supplement. On the other hand, CBD oil can contain a wide range of various compounds.

Types of CBD

Definition of CBD

There are three main types of cannabidiol . These are isolate, broad-spectrum, and full-spectrum CBD. The difference between these lies in their respective cannabinoid profiles. The three types are described in depth below.

Isolate CBD

CBD Isolate is an unadulterated form of cannabidiol in the sense that it is free from terpenes, healthy fatty acids, and cannabinoids from the plant. Isolate is generally manufactured through the same process as the other types. The only difference is that once the cannabinoids are extracted, cannabidiol is then filtered out.

Broad-spectrum CBD

Broad-spectrum CBD lies in the middle category between isolate and full-spectrum. This type comprises all other cannabinoids and terpenes except for the psychoactive tetrahydrocannabinol. THC would have been chemically removed during the extraction process for broad-spectrum.

Full-spectrum CBD

Full-spectrum CBD is a variant of cannabidiol whose profile features all the cannabinoids, terpenes, and fatty acids that occur naturally occur in the hemp plant. It is sometimes referred to as whole or full-plant extract. Full-spectrum CBD has enhanced medicinal properties relative to its counterparts. It is because it enables users to benefit from the combined action of all the chemical synergies via what is called the entourage effect. to learn the difference between Broad Spectrum and Full-Spectrum, Click Here. 

Effects of Cannabidiol

Cannabidiol carries medicinal and therapeutic properties. It is an effective natural remedy against a wide range of health conditions such as acne, epilepsy, cardiovascular issues, and so on. It also affects mood and social behaviour. As a result, it is used in the treatment or management of behaviours such as anxiety, depression, and addictions. These effects are a result of the substance’s interaction with the endocannabinoid system. It is capable of restoring the much-needed balance there.

Benefits of CBD

The cannabidiol benefits list is long. This is what has made the substance rise to worldwide prominence in the health and wellness sector. Described below are some of the benefits that come with using the cannabinoid.

Pain relief & Anti- Inflammatory 

Medical investigations have revealed that cannabidiol carries pain relief and anti-inflammatory properties. It is used to treat from minor aches to chronic pain. According to research, CBD Oil for Pain helps reduce pain by its interaction with neurotransmitters, decreasing inflammation, and impacting endocannabinoid activity.

Anxiety and Depression

CBD Oil for Anxiety is also an effective natural remedy against anxiety and depression. This is because the conditions are closely associated with the endocannabinoid system. The cannabinoid interacts with brain receptors such as serotonin, a neurotransmitter that is effective in the regulation of social behaviour and mood.


CBD also features dermatological enhancing properties. According to studies, the substance features anti-inflammatory, anti-aging, and anti-itch properties. It is attributed to the impacting of cannabidiol with the ECS found on the skin. The substance is capable of suppressing the production of sebum, an oily secretion whose excessiveness results in acne. Other skincare issues that can be addressed with using CBD oil include itchy skin, psoriasis, and atopic dermatitis.

Heart Health 

According to medical research, CBD is also beneficial to one’s cardiovascular system. The cannabinoid has been linked to heart health and the circulatory system. Research suggests that it is capable of reducing high blood pressure.

Cancer Symptoms 

It is also paramount to highlight that medical investigations suggest that cannabidiol can be an effective treatment against cancer symptoms such as cachexia.


CBD also carries anti-seizure properties. The cannabinoid has been touted as a possible treatment for epilepsy. It has been shown to reduce the frequency of seizure attacks in epileptic patients. In fact, the Food and Drug Administration approved Epidiolex, a CBD-based drug, for the treatment of two rare but severe forms of epilepsy.

What is the Best Way to Take CBD?


There is no single best way to take in CBD. This is because there are several ways in which the cannabinoid can be taken, and each method has its own merits and demerits. At the end of the day, the issue of the best way to take in cannabidiol eventually narrows down to individual preference. There main CBD intake methods are described below.


One of the most popular methods by which CBD is taken is through edibles. These include mints, gummies, truffles, and so on. Via this method, Cannabidiol accesses the bloodstream through the digestive system. Several benefits come with using edibles as a CBD intake method.

Firstly, these can be easily accessed in dispensaries and retail outlets. Also, they are usually flavoured, therefore helping to mask the earthy taste of cannabidiol. Finally, CBD edibles can be taken in public without attracting unwanted attention. On the other hand, some disadvantages come with CBD edibles. Since CBD edibles utilize the digestive system for effect, their effects usually take a longer period for them to be felt.


CBD can also be administered through oil tinctures. It is the ideal CBD intake method for individuals trying CBD-based treatments for the first time. Tinctures are usually prepared by blending CBD with inert carrier oil such as orange oil to enhance palatability.

The advantage of tinctures is that they are relatively easy to use as they do not require extra tools or accessories. They can also be taken in public without attracting unwanted attention. Tinctures also enable users to control their intake dosages. However, they also have their setbacks. Their fast-acting nature leaves them prone to abuse by some users.


Cannabidiol can be taken in capsule form. These are absorbed into the bloodstream via the digestive system just like edibles. Capsules are easy to use and provide a more consistent dosage relative to other methods. They are the intake method of choice for individuals who like to maintain a particular CBD dosage in their bodies.

Furthermore, they usually have improved palatability and the CBD content is clearer on the packaging. However, since they are absorbed into the bloodstream through the digestive system by the first-pass effect, their effect takes a little while to be felt.


CBD can also be taken in through vape pens or e-cigarette devices. Via this method, users can take in CBD through inhalation. It does not compromise one’s throat and lungs as does the harsh effects of marijuana. Vaped CBD tends to access the bloodstream much more swiftly compared to other forms.

The high concentration guarantees maximum possible effects. However, vaping also has its drawbacks. Firstly, controlling dosage is very difficult. The quantity of CBD inhaled is dependent on how long and how hard one inhales. The technique also requires extra purchases in terms of accessories and vape pens. Lastly, there is still inadequate research information on the long-term effects of the practice.

Therefore, as highlighted, there is no single best method to take in CBD. Users will have to select one that is best suited for them based on their particular needs and personal preferences as each method has its own merits and demerits. There are also other CBD intake methods, but the ones highlighted above are the major ones.

What Should I look for When Shopping for CBD Products?

There are several aspects that you should consider before buying high quality CBD products. This is because the CBD industry is now infiltrated with some bogus products that may be hazardous to human health.

You should consider the brand’s reputation. This can be assessed by reading customer reviews, expert opinion, and trusted online journals as well as other publications.

You should also consider the manufacturer’s quality and transparency policy. It is best to shop for CBD products that are tested by a third-party laboratory, preferably one that meets the requirements of ISO 17025.

The manufacturer should also easily avail the results of such tests and the ingredients list online. This is critical as it will enable you to confirm whether it does not contain substances you are allergic to. You must avoid products whose contents are shrouded in secrecy. You should also consider the company’s customer service.

A good CBD company offers excellent service both before and after-sales. In terms of client service, the brand should also have favourable shipping and return policy.

Does CBD Work the Same for Everyone?

No. While CBD is generally highly effective, it does not work in the same manner for everyone. This is due to differences in individual body chemistry and so on. One should assess how the cannabinoid works for him or her through trying several intake methods or gradually increasing dosages. You can also consult a certified medical professional for help.

Can I Travel with CBD?

This depends on the hemp laws applicable in your jurisdiction. Some states permit free movement of CBD while others forbid it. The legal environment around CBD is still evolving, therefore, the best way to know the answer to this question would be to familiarise yourself with the regulations applicable in your local area.

Is CBD Psychoactive?

No. CBD is not psychoactive. This is because it contains less than the federal limit of 0.3% THC content.

Will CBD Show Up on Drug Test?

CBD contains less than the federal limit of 0.3% THC content. While this is a trace amount, it is possible that it maybe be dictated during an extremely sensitive drug test. Therefore, if this id of significant concern, it is advised that you consult your coach or physician for advice before using it.

Does CBD Get You High?

No. It does not cause users to experience the high feeling commonly associated with marijuana.

Is CBD Legal?

Yes. CBD is legal but under a myriad of tight regulations. To better understand the legality of CBD, you should become aware of the regulatory environment in which the substance exists.

Federally, CBD is regulated by the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, otherwise known as the Farm Bill. The Act dictates that only CBD products whose THC content does not exceed 0.3% by dry weight are legal. Furthermore, the CBD should have been extracted from hemp grown by licensed producers. In other words, CBD that satisfies all technical specifications but was grown by unlicensed producers is considered to be illegal.

On the other hand, it is paramount to note that some states are still synchronizing their hemp laws so that they resonate with federal guidelines. Therefore, the best way to confirm the legality of CBD in your area is to be in tandem with the local regulations governing the substance.

CBD Dosage

One of the most critical issues on the CBD subject is that of dosage. One of the most frequently asked questions on the CBD subject is how much one should take. Generally, several factors should be factored in before settling for a particular CBD dosage.

These include individual sensitivity to CBD, the severity of symptoms to be treated, and individual body factors. It is also paramount to highlight that being on CBD-based medication such as Epidiolex also affects the CBD dosage one should take for other purposes. The various factors that affect the CBD dosage are described below.

Individual Sensitivity to CBD

The individual sensitivity to CBD is closely linked to body chemistry. One’s tolerance to CBD plays a pivotal role in establishing the dosage one should take. The logic is that individuals who have high sensitivity to the cannabinoid should only take a small dose. On the other hand, those with a low sensitivity should take a much higher dose to experience noticeable results.

On this note, one should assess his or her sensitivity to the substance. One of the best techniques to do this is by beginning with a smaller dosage and raise it gradually while assessing the effects. For example, one can begin by taking a dose of 30mg daily, then increase it by 10mg after a week.

You then continue with this technique up until you feel that your symptoms are now responding to the specific dosage. It is also recommended that you keep track of your CBD intake and compare it against results on a smartphone notes app or paper.

Severity of Symptoms

The severity of symptoms you intend to treat also affects the dosage intake significantly. Severe pain demands a more potent dosage of CBD to eliminate it relative to a mild one. The same principle applies to all other medical conditions.

Individual body factors

Individual body factors also have a significant bearing on the CBD dosage one can take. These parameters include weight, sex, age, and overall health status. Generalizing, individuals who weigh more require a larger CBD dosage to achieve results than the others.

Furthermore, males and younger individuals tend to need a higher dose than females and older individuals respective.

Existing CBD-based medication

Having pre-existing CBD-based medication also affects how much cannabinoid you can take for other purposes. One example of such medication is Epidiolex. This is a drug that was approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of two rare forms of epilepsy. If you are on such medication, you should consult your physician for advice on how much CBD you should take for other purposes.

Are There Any Side Effects of CBD?

Of course, several benefits come with CBD usage. As highlighted before, the substance has touted therapeutic properties and is an effective natural remedy against several ailments. However, it is critical to highlight that it also comes with some side effects. Generally, CBD has been associated with nausea, changes in appetite, diarrhoea, and mood swings.

Medical studies also suggest that the cannabinoid also causes an unintended increase in liver enzymes. The intensity of CBD side effects varies from one individual to another. Therefore, if you want to use the cannabinoid to treat or manage severe symptoms, it is recommended that you do so in consultation with a certified medical practitioner.

Bottom Line

No doubt, CBD has revolutionized the health and wellness sector. The substance has numerous applications for one’s everyday wellness needs. From minor issues such as slight aches to severe conditions such as epilepsy, the cannabinoid can tackle them all.

However, it is critical to highlight that the regulatory environment around CBD is still evolving, and there are quite a several manufacturers who have taken advantage of this loophole to infiltrate the market with bogus products.

These can have harmful effects on ones’ health. Therefore, users should ensure that they shop CBD from brands that are reputable, transparent, quality-centric, and with exceptional client service both before and after-sales.

Individuals should also expect some side effects when using CBD. These may range from nausea to diarrhoea. As a parting shot, if you have any doubts concerning any aspect of CBD, should use it in consultation with a certified medical practitioner. This is particularly important if you are on any CBD based medication such as epidiolex.

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